|1550||Francisco Xavier and others who came to mission in Japan attempt to gain
an audience with the Emperor, but are unable to.
|1560||After Jesuit missionary Francisco Xavier leaves Japan, a Japanese Jesuit
who continued missionary work in the country, receives permission from
the Shogun Ashikaga Yoshiki to open a church on Shijo in Kyoto.
|1587||A missionary expulsion order is issued, but missionary work continues secretly.|
|1596||Again an order is issued for the capture and imprisonment of Franciscan
missionaries and all Christians living in Kyoto. A total of 24 people in
Osaka and Kyoto, 7 Franciscan members, 3 Jesuit officials and 14 faithful
lay members of the church are captured, their left earlobes are cut off
at Horikawa Doujya Ichijo Bridge, and they are paraded around the city.
|1597||An order to execute the 24 people in Nagasaki is issued so they are marched
to Nagasaki from Kyoto. Two more Christians joined them along the way,
and so a total of 26 Kyoto area Christians are executed in Nagasaki.
|1612||An order to destroy all denominations of Christians is issued, and various
other churches in the vicinity of Kyoto are destroyed.
|1619||On October 6, near Kamogawa, 52 believers are martyred. They are burned
to death. Eleven of them are children.
|1866||A French Foreign Missionary who learns about the history of the martyrdom
in Japan makes a bronze statue of the Madonna. The statue is gifted to
the church of Kyoto for installation on a hill overlooking the city but
it is buried in the Higashiyama Shogun’s mound by Father Vigreux to keep
it safe from destruction.
|1873||The Prohibition against Christianity is abolished.|
|1879||Father Virion of the Paris Foreign Mission arrives in the city and recovers
the “Our Lady of the City” statue. Father Virion rents a house
at Takakura Nijo, opens a French language school, uses the place as a temporary
cathedral and resumes his missionary work.
|1881||The temporary cathedral is moved to the main business district of town.|
|1882||The temporary cathedral is moved to Sanjo Takakura.|
|1888||Purchase of the land and the mansion at the location of the present Kawaramachi
church. Construction of the original church is begun.
|1889||On July 25, the foundation ceremony is held at Saint Francis Xavier Church.|
|1890||On May 1st, the dedication ceremony of the Saint Francis Xavier church
|1930||The 50th anniversary celebration of the Kyoto mission is held.|
|1937||The Kyoto Apostolic Prefecture is newly established from the Osaka Diocese.
It’s jurisdiction includes the prefectures of Nara, Mie and Shiga, along
with the Prefecture of Kyoto.
|1951||The Kyoto Apostolic Prefecture becomes the current Kyoto Diocese and the
Catholic Kawaramachi Church becomes the Cathedral of the Bishop of Kyoto.
|1967||A new cathedral is erected. (The old church is moved to Meiji village in
Inuyama City, Aichi Prefecture, and is currently preserved as a National
|1980||The 100th anniversary of the Kyoto mission church is held.|
|2017||The 50th anniversary commemorative mass of the new cathedral is held.|