||Francisco Xavier and others who came to mission in Japan attempt to gain
an audience with the Emperor, but are unable to.
||After Jesuit missionary Francisco Xavier leaves Japan, a Japanese Jesuit
who continued missionary work in the country, receives permission from
the Shogun Ashikaga Yoshiki to open a church on Shijo in Kyoto.
||A missionary expulsion order is issued, but missionary work continues secretly.
||Again an order is issued for the capture and imprisonment of Franciscan
missionaries and all Christians living in Kyoto. A total of 24 people in
Osaka and Kyoto, 7 Franciscan members, 3 Jesuit officials and 14 faithful
lay members of the church are captured, their left earlobes are cut off
at Horikawa Doujya Ichijo Bridge, and they are paraded around the city.
||An order to execute the 24 people in Nagasaki is issued so they are marched
to Nagasaki from Kyoto. Two more Christians joined them along the way,
and so a total of 26 Kyoto area Christians are executed in Nagasaki.
||An order to destroy all denominations of Christians is issued, and various
other churches in the vicinity of Kyoto are destroyed.
||On October 6, near Kamogawa, 52 believers are martyred. They are burned
to death. Eleven of them are children.
||A French Foreign Missionary who learns about the history of the martyrdom
in Japan makes a bronze statue of the Madonna. The statue is gifted to
the church of Kyoto for installation on a hill overlooking the city but
it is buried in the Higashiyama Shogun's mound by Father Vigreux to keep
it safe from destruction.
||The Prohibition against Christianity is abolished.
||Father Virion of the Paris Foreign Mission arrives in the city and recovers
the "Our Lady of the City" statue. Father Virion rents a house
at Takakura Nijo, opens a French language school, uses the place as a temporary
cathedral and resumes his missionary work.
||The temporary cathedral is moved to the main business district of town.
||The temporary cathedral is moved to Sanjo Takakura.
||Purchase of the land and the mansion at the location of the present Kawaramachi
church. Construction of the original church is begun.
||On July 25, the foundation ceremony is held at Saint Francis Xavier Church.
||On May 1st, the dedication ceremony of the Saint Francis Xavier church
||The 50th anniversary celebration of the Kyoto mission is held.
||The Kyoto Apostolic Prefecture is newly established from the Osaka Diocese.
It’s jurisdiction includes the prefectures of Nara, Mie and Shiga, along
with the Prefecture of Kyoto.
||The Kyoto Apostolic Prefecture becomes the current Kyoto Diocese and the
Catholic Kawaramachi Church becomes the Cathedral of the Bishop of Kyoto.
||A new cathedral is erected. (The old church is moved to Meiji village in
Inuyama City, Aichi Prefecture, and is currently preserved as a National
||The 100th anniversary of the Kyoto mission church is held.
||The 50th anniversary commemorative mass of the new cathedral is held.